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Chios

      Χίος (5/3/2006 v.1) Chios (12/14/2009 v.1)
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Author(s) : Sarantakou Efi , Misailidou Anna , Beneki Eleni , Warlas Michael (4/20/2005)
Translation : Daskalaki Photini , Papadaki Irene , Dovletis Onoufrios , Panourgia Klio

For citation: Sarantakou Efi, Misailidou Anna, Beneki Eleni, Warlas Michael, "Chios",
Cultural Portal of the Aegean Archipelago

URL: <http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=12594>

 

Glossary

 

ağa
A title given to military officials of high rank in the Ottoman Empire. From the 17th - and particularly the 18th- century the title bore also powerful Muslims who did not have any immediate military capacity.

agiasma
The holy water (as well as the sacred place from where the water spurts), which the faithful drink, sprinkle or wash themselves in order to be healed.

Chian network
The network was comprised by the Greek merchants who were active commercialy in the Black Sea, in the Mediterranean and in Western Europe during the period 1830-1860. The most important merchants originated from the island of Chios and very often were connected with kinship ties. These merchants combined trade with shipping and their companies were characterised by discipline and cohesion. The most important families were those of Rodokanakis, Zizinias, Rallis, Dromokaitis, Petrokokkinos, Agelastos. The network's importance declined with the changes in Black Sea trade after the Crimean War (1853-1856), in connection with the technological changes in sea transport.

Delian or First Athenian League
League established by the Athenians after the end of the Persian Wars (478 BC). Many city-states of the Aegean were included in the league with the obligation to contribute ships or money. The lists with the sums offered by each member allow us to estimate their economic situation.

dimogerontia
Communal authority consisting of the elected community officials, known as archontes (potentates), proestoi (notables), epitropoi (wardens), dimogerontes or simply gerontes (elders).

dome
A characteristic element of Byzantine architecture. The dome is a hemispherical vault on a circular wall (drum) usually pierced by windows. The domed church emerges in the Early Byzantine years and its various types gradually prevail, while they are expanded in the Balkans and in Russia.

exonarthex (outer narthex)
The transverse vestibule or portico preceding the narthex of the church.

katholikon
The main church in a monastic complex, heart of the monastic activity.

metochion
In the Byzantine period, metochion meant the estate that was conceded to a monastery for income purposes and operated as its dependency. Usually the metochia were located far from the monastery to which they belonged and included various structures, such as churches, hospices etc.

narthex
A portico or a rectangular entrance-hall, parallel with the west end of an early Christian basilica or church.

patriarchal monastery (stauropegion)
A monastery under the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate, autonomous from the administration of the local bishop. The term stauropegion applied also to villages, meaning that in tax matters (mostly in regard to ecclesiastical taxes) they were under the control of the Patriarchate and not of the local diocese.

 
 
 

Chapters

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1. Position- environment

1.1. Geographic division

1.2. Geology

1.3. Morphology

1.3.1. Caves of Chios

1.4. Shape, coasts and beaches

1.5. Climate

1.6. Flora

1.7. Fauna

2. History

2.1. Prehistory – Antiquity

2.2. Byzantine period – Genoan occupation

2.3. Ottoman period

2.3.1. 19th c.

2.4. 20th century

2.5. The Destruction of Chios

2.6. Refugees in Chios

2.7. Commerce and Chian diaspora

3. Archaeological sites and monuments

3.1. Castle of Chios

3.2. Emporio

3.2.1. The archaic settlement and the temple

3.2.2. The citadel

3.3. Volissos

3.4. Anavatos

3.5. Daskalopetra (Teacher’s Stone)

3.6. Nea Moni

3.6.1. The construction of Nea Moni and the set-up of monastic life

3.6.2. Architecture and decoration

3.6.3. Additions and damages

3.6.4. Nea Moni as an architectural and social examble

3.6.5. Nea Moni’s economy

3.6.6. From a monastery to a cultural shrine

3.6.7. The monasteries’ zones of influence

3.7. Other temples

4. Architecture

4.1. In general

4.2. The medieval villages of south Chios

4.3. The city of Chios and Kampos

4.4. North Chios

4.5. Chios’ architecture after the Ottoman occupation

4.6. Medieval Mastichochoria

5. Museums

5.1. Archaeological Museum

5.2. Chios Byzantine Museum (Mecitiye Camii)

5.3. Korais Library – Folclore Museum – Argenti Gallery

5.4. Chios Maritime Museum

5.5. Museum of Natural History and Physics at the 1st High School of Chios

5.6. Chios Public Art Gallery

5.7. Museum of Nikos Gialouris

6. Homerion Cultural Center

7. Folk culture - folk art

7.1. Pottery

7.2. Woodcarving - sculpture

7.3. Religion - tradition

7.4. Happenings

8. Chios’ saints

8.1. St. Markella

8.2. St. Isidoros and Chios’ mastic

9. Chian shipping

10. Mastic

10.1. Mastic's biology-geography

10.2. Production process- time

10.3. Chios Mastiha Growers Association and mastic companies' development

10.4. Products and uses

10.5. History of mastic and its consumption: a pendulum between East and West

Entry's identity

 

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